MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI Scan

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailed pictures of organs, soft tissues, bone and virtually all other internal body structures. The images can then be examined on a computer monitor, transmitted electronically, printed or copied to a CD. MRI does not use ionizing radiation (x-rays).

Mahnetic Resonance Imaging Detailed MR images allow physicians to evaluate various parts of the body and determine the presence of certain diseases such as: (1) tumors of the brain, head and neck, chest, abdomen or pelvis; (2) certain types of heart problems; (3) blockages, enlargements or anatomical variants of blood vessels, including the aorta, renal arteries, and arteries in the legs; (4) diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis and tumors, and that of other abdominal organs, including the bile ducts, gallbladder, and pancreatic ducts; (5) diseases of the small intestine, colon, rectum and anus; (6) cysts and solid tumors in the kidneys and other parts of the urinary tract; (7) tumors and other abnormalities of the reproductive organs (e.g., uterus, ovaries, testicles, prostate); (8) causes of pelvic pain in women, such as fibroids, endometriosis and adenomyosis, suspected uterine congenital abnormalities in women undergoing evaluation for infertility; (9) fetal assessment in pregnant women.

(REFERENCE. RadiologyInfo.org from ACR and RSNA)